African Frog

All about the African frog

There are different types of African Frogs.

For example, there is the African Dwarf Frog. The African clawed Frog and of course the African Bullfrog. All African frogs exist on a similar diet.

An African frog will generally eat anything that it can fit in it’s mouth. Rats, mice, insects, small birds, snakes and even other frogs. The African Bullfrog is one of the largest frogs there are, second only to the Rana goliath of the Congo.

They weigh up to 2 kilograms (4.4 lbs). Unlike other species of frog, the Pyxicephalus adspersus male is larger than the female sometimes exponentially. The male can be up to 24 cm (9.5 in.) long and the females are about 12 cm (4.45 in.).

Their skin color is a dull green, males have yellow throats and the females have a cream-colored throat. Juveniles differ in that they are bright green and have a yellow stripe down their back. The stripe will fade away as they mature which generally takes 1 1/2 to two tears.

Older frogs can be distinguished by there many skin folds. The body of the frog is broad, with a short rounded snout, protruding jaw, and tooth-like projections in its lower jaw. It has a huge mouth, sharp teeth and very little webbing on its feet between it’s toes.

Another way that this bullfrog differs from other frogs is that it has unusually strong hind legs, which it uses to dig holes in ground, so that it can estivate during the dry season. It makes a dry, watertight cocoon for itself, which keeps the evaporation of body fluids. The frog loses approximately half of the water that a frog without a cocoon can loose.

The frogs can actually survive for several months in very dry soil by absorbing water stored directly to the bladder. When the rainy season starts, moisture will seep into the ground and soak the cocoon. Once it softens enough to split open, the frog will eat it. 

The African Clawed frog is a unique family of frogs that lack a tongue and a visible ear. The males also lack vocal cords. Instead of moveable eyelids, a horny, transparent covering protects their eyes. The body is flattened and the head is wedge-shaped and smaller than the body.

The African clawed frog's front limbs are tiny with unwebbed fingers that are used to push food in the mouth. Its back legs are big and webbed and have three inside toes on each foot with claws, this is how they get their name.

While they may look like claws, they are not really claws but cornified tips. The frog has smooth slippery skin, which is multicolored on its back with blotches of olive gray or brown scattered throughout the body.

The underside is creamy white with a yellow tinge. The African Dwarf frog are quite tiny,  around 1.5 inches in length. The female, as is often the case with frogs, can grow a bit larger, by half an inch. 

They are Native to Sub-Saharan Africa, the African Dwarf Frog (Hymenochiru) also goes by the name of Aquatic Dwarf Frog. And that’s because they live almost entirely underwater, though they are air breathers as well and do emerge from the water every now and then. There’s nothing really visually exciting about African Dwarf frogs.

Certainly not in their physical coloration. The exception is their interesting floating habit when in the water called the “Zen position.” With arms and legs outstretched and one foot balancing, it’s as if these frogs are meditating on some sublime aspect of amphibious life. All African frogs possess something unique and special.

Hope your African Frog care goes well

Andrew Williums

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